Valuing Bundled Attributes: A Latent Characteristics Approach

Linwood H. Pendleton and J. Scott Shonkwiler


Lancaster wrote that attributes of goods may combine to produce characteristics that are the primary units of consumption (1966). Often, the attributes of goods are bundled and cannot be separated. We show that if attributes are technically bundled then valuation analyses that treat these attributes as independent will be wrong. We show that a latent characteristics approach improves upon other methods by incorporating more information about attributes than standard methods and by directly modeling the linkages among attributes. For the case of wilderness hiking, the latent approach provides a statistically better model of site choice than other standard methods. (JEL Q20, Q26)

This article requires a subscription to view the full text. If you have a subscription you may use the login form below to view the article. Access to this article can also be purchased.

Purchase access

You may purchase access to this article. This will require you to create an account if you don't already have one.