Gender Differences in Land Inheritance and Schooling Investments in the Rural Philippines

Jonna P. Estudillo, Agnes R. Quisumbing and Keijiro Otsuka


This paper examines the preferences of parents with respect to the allocation of land and investments in schooling between sons and daughters in two generations of households in the rural Philippines. In the older generation, better-educated fathers prefer to invest in sons’ schooling, while land-owning mothers preferentially bestow land to daughters. While gender preference in relation to parental resources has disappeared in the child generation, sons are preferred with respect to land inheritance, while daughters are treated more favorably in schooling investments. (JEL Q24)

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