Distributional and Efficiency Effects of Marine Protected Areas: A Study of the Northeast Atlantic Cod Fishery

Ussif Rashid Sumaila and Claire W. Armstrong


We study the distributional and efficiency effects of marine protected areas using the Northeast Atlantic cod stock as an example. A model with two players targeting different age groups of cod is developed to examine how protected areas may affect payoffs to the players under cooperation and non-cooperation. We find that depending on the ex ante and ex post management regime, win-win, lose-lose, or win-lose outcomes may emerge with the implementation of marine protected areas. When the ex post management is cooperation, both players gain, while ex post non-cooperative behavior results in gains only to one of the players. (JEL Q22, Q28)

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