Effectiveness of Residential Water-Use Restrictions under Varying Levels of Municipal Effort

Greg Halich and Kurt Stephenson


Given the current constraints in expanding public water capacity, water supply managers will increasingly be required to find ways to reduce demand during temporary water shortages. Consequently, water supply managers need sound estimates for the effectiveness of water reduction programs. This study expands the water demand literature by identifying the influence that enforcement and informational efforts have on the two most common forms of nonprice water-use restrictions. Residential water-use reductions increased with progressively higher levels of information and enforcement efforts, ranging from 0% to 7% for voluntary and 4% to 22% for mandatory restrictions. (JEL Q25)

This article requires a subscription to view the full text. If you have a subscription you may use the login form below to view the article. Access to this article can also be purchased.

Purchase access

You may purchase access to this article. This will require you to create an account if you don't already have one.