From Participation to Adoption: Comparing the Effectiveness of Soil Conservation Programs in the Peruvian Andes

Helena Posthumus, Cornelis Gardebroek and Ruerd Ruben


Many efforts are made to promote soil conservation in developing countries. This paper compares the effect of two programs promoting soil conservation in Peru on the adoption decision of households. One program applies a top-down approach with soil conservation as its core activity. The other program applies a participatory approach, offering a portfolio of activities in order to improve rural livelihoods. The decisions on participation and adoption are estimated with a trivariate probit model. The results show that each program attracts different types of households and achieves different outcomes in terms of soil conservation. (JEL C35, O13)

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