Fostering Recycling Participation in Wisconsin Households through Single-Stream Programs

Jason Bell, Joel Huber and W. Kip Viscusi


Single-stream recycling enables households to recycle an unsorted mix of cans, plastic, glass, and paper, thereby reducing recycling costs. The expansion of single-stream recycling in Wisconsin provides a natural experiment to assess the extent to which single-stream increases recycling behavior. Using a longitudinal database that matches household recycling participation to county-level recycling policies from Wisconsin, we identify respondent and county characteristics that promote recycling. The results of both fixed-effects regressions and a differences-in-differences analysis demonstrate that single-stream programs increase recycling within households. The shift from dual-stream to single-stream has benefits exceeding costs. (JEL Q53)

This article requires a subscription to view the full text. If you have a subscription you may use the login form below to view the article. Access to this article can also be purchased.

Purchase access

You may purchase access to this article. This will require you to create an account if you don't already have one.