Fire, Tractors, and Health in the Amazon: A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Fire Policy

Thiago Morello, Simone Martino, Alejandro F. Duarte, Liana Anderson, Katrina J. Davis, Sonaira Silva and Ian J. Bateman


Pollution from agricultural fires is a global health issue that is particularly challenging where smallholders depend on burnings for subsistence. In Acre state, Western Amazon, a partial ban on fire, enforced with fines, is coupled with subsidized tractors. To evaluate this policy, a discrete choice experiment and contingent valuation were merged into a novel statistical variant of the Hicks-Kaldor test that is robust to preference heterogeneity. Among 27 ways to extend the ban, 5 could improve both respiratory health and smallholders’ welfare, when compensated with tractors that are available for longer hours and at the right time of the year. (JEL Q51, Q52)

View Full Text

This article requires a subscription to view the full text. If you have a subscription you may use the login form below to view the article. Access to this article can also be purchased.

Purchase access

You may purchase access to this article. This will require you to create an account if you don't already have one.